The navies of the This squadron operated both the NM-116 and the M113 APC-based NM-142 (TOW) Rakettpanserjager, and was the only squadron that was permanently operational. It was decided that each airport would need its own unit consisting of armored vehicles and platoons of troops. The Norwegians took what was – at the time – an almost 30-year-old piece of World War 2 technology and turned it into an effective tank killer for the late-20th century. The ‘Military Aid Program’ benefited the war-ravaged countries of the Second World War by providing them the means to rebuild their military and defenses. With this close proximity to the potential enemy, invasion was expected. Firing a Hulladingsgranat M62 High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) round, the weapon was capable of defeating up to 320 mm (12.6 in) of armor, a vast improvement over the M24s original 75mm gun. (Further information on this escapes the Author at the time of writing.) DEFSTNOR assigns priorities, manage… Another tank can be found in the Musée des Blindés, France. armchairgeneral.com It occurred between September 2010 and January 2011, and involved land, air and sea warfare. Having operated the Chaffee and NM-116 from 1946 to 1993, the Norwegian Army is one of the longest operators of the tank in the world, surpassed only by countries like Chile. Cold War era. Livonian People's Army - Cold War. This unit had been originally created for the invasion of Norway and was originally equipped with Panzer I, Panzer II, and Neubaufahrzeug tanks. No problems whatsoever.”. An NM-130 Bergepanser in ‘Splinter’ camouflage with the Crane in its travel position. Norway was left battered and bruised by a 5-year long German occupation (April 1940 – May 1945) that only ended with the capitulation of German forces at the end of the Second World War in Europe. The NM-116 was the result of a military on a small budget trying to improve the lethality of its tank arsenal. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. It could also fire Armor Piercing (AP), High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) and Smoke shells. N and an Ausf. A, B, C & D, the M24 was still in service with the Norwegian Army (, was happy with the M24 Chaffee, as it fitted its needs. Amongst other things, 16 Panzer Is and the three remaining Panzer III Ausf. The boom can travel on its vertical axis from 0 to +55 degrees. The Norwegian Armed Forces will conduct exercise Cold Response together with allied and partner nations in March 2020. This is because the idler was of the compensating type, meaning it was attached to the closest roadwheel by an actuating arm. A couple of them took the chance to have a piss. Both StuGs were armed with the 7.5 cm StuK 40 L/48 (an anti-tank gun derived from the PaK 40). The Signals Battalion operates the brigade's communications. For this, four Chaffees were separated from the 116 projects. As such, the NM-130 Bergepanser (Armored Recovery Vehicle, ARV) was conceived. The Chaffee would give the military their first taste of operating a relatively modern armored vehicle, having not had a tank since the L-120 ‘Rikstanken’ of the late 1930s. Some of these are a bit older than the usual stuff on this forum. With the end of the Second World War, Norway was once again facing the possibility of invasion, this time from the Soviet Union with which it shared a northern border. *These tanks are known by these names due to the fact that they had large yellow numbers painted on the sides of their turrets. Some example of improvized equipment on the NM-116s at PvEsk/N was the turret racks added by our mechanics and the way we packed the vehicles with gear that was not included in the packing instructions made in the 70s. Norwegian Army Field Ration. The battalion is in the process of re-equipping from. Any leftover vehicles were either sent to the ranges, or placed into storage. From 1987 to 1988, I served at a combat unit in the northern parts of Norway (Setermoen, Troms). 74352 had an interesting history. In this page will find the solution to Norwegian king during the Cold War crossword clue. The battalion is equipped with CV-90 infantry fighting vehicles and Leopard 2 tanks, and can be deployed quickly to deal with national or international crises. However, as the war with the Soviet Union dragged on, it was decided that most of the 25th Panzer division would depart from Norway in the fall of 1943 and be moved to the Eastern Front. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Ms produced and was deployed by Panzer-Grenadier Division “Grossdeutschland” on the Eastern Front in 1943. Like the NM-116, the vehicle initially entered service in an olive drab livery but, in the mid-1980s, a new ‘Splinter’ camouflage pattern was introduced. From 1955 to 1957, Prince Harald (now King Harald V) served in a Chaffee crew during his conscription years. The American M103 heavy tank-based M51 Heavy ARV and German Leopard 1-based Bergepanzer 2 are prime examples of this. Sir Nick Carter has said that a … Teknisk Håndbok, Panserjager NM-116: Beskrivelse, Behandling, og Brukerens Vedlikehold (Eng: Technical Manual, Panserjager NM-116: Description, Treatment, and User Maintenance). Armed with a short 7.5 cm KwK 37 L/24 gun, it was intended to act as an infantry support vehicle firing mostly High-Explosive (HE) shells. Norway’s Armed Forces were kept mobilized throughout the First World War, ensuring Norwegian Neutrality. Telemark Bataljonen and The Armoured Battalion will be organized as two near identical mechanized battalions manned mainly by contract personnel, but with some conscripts. By the late 1950s, however, there was a severe spare parts shortage. The NM-116 was a successful conversion, but by the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, the tank was becoming obsolete. Norway achieved full independence in 1905, and in the first century of its short life has contributed to three major conflicts, World War II, the Cold War and the War on Terror. Avslutt abonnement. Numerous other upgrades were incorporated into the NM-116. Abonner. Among European NATO members, the military expenditure of US$7.2 billion is the highest per capita. It was also light at just 20.25 tons (18.37 tonnes). HJK/Forsvarets Spesialkommando The turret, however, was completely removed and replaced by a large folding crane. Photos: Pinterest & iModeler Modern Era. Hat (size 58) White wool mittens with trigger finger (size small,but large sized), Green windbraker mittens with trigger finger (one size fits all/large unmarked), Gaiters and feet warmers to pull over the toe of the boot. These was often dropped to the Norwegian resistance groups and British saboteurs hiding in the mountains during the war. Defence Staff Norway (DEFSTNOR) in Oslo acts as the staff of the Chief of Defence. It is adorned with the ‘Splinter’ camouflage pattern introduced at that time. The additional numbers available on mobilization amount to 282,000 men. In October 1949, the Dragoon Regiments officially began to garrison the airports. The large pivoting crane was telescopic and could be raised or lowered by a hydraulic ram. In the NM-130, the Forsvaret achieved its goal of providing an effective recovery vehicle to not only the NM-116, but the Hæren’s other light vehicles too, all while sticking to a strict budget. Other countries that benefited from the MAP included France, Portugal, and Belgium, but also former enemy nations such as West Germany and Japan. This attracted the attention of German submarines. To develop the ARV, four extra M24s were set aside. H, built by Motorenwerke Augsburg Nuremberg (MAN) in 1941 and would have been equipped with the short 5 cm KwK 39 L/42 gun. An upgrade program began in the late-1960s, with the first prototype of what would be designated the ‘NM-116’ being unveiled in 1973. These were reportadly recycled from F-86 Saber Fighter Jets, around 180 of which were operated by the Royal Norwegian Air Force (No: Luftforsvaret) from 1957 to 1967. This work was carried out at Trandum, an Army base just north-east of Oslo. From 1943, Finland, Norway’s eastern Scandinavian Neighbour, had operated a fleet of StuG IIIs. From a small warehouse taking wholesale orders to now operating two retail stores (Auckland and Christchurch) and a busy website serving New Zealand and the world. To support the new NM-116, it was also decided by the military that a new Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV) be developed. J, originally built by Henschel und Sohn in May, 1941 before being upgraded. An example of this is a bunker system was located in Harstad, in the far north of Norway. NM-116’s assigned to platoon leaders were equipped with an AN/VRC44 unit, while other tanks were equipped with the AN/VRC64. Available at modellnorge.no (Flash player required). After the Second World War, as part of the United States-led Military Aid Program (MAP), Norway received around 130 M24 Chaffee light tanks to help rebuild its military. The Sturmgeschütz were a series of assault guns that found a successful role as tank destroyers. This ARV was designated the NM-130 ‘Bergepanser’ (Eng: Armored Recovery Vehicle). The military base was built in 1956 with help from NATO after the second world war for military use by the norwegian Airforce. The bulk of the Norwegian Army during the years in exile in Britain consisted of a brigade in Dumfries as well as smaller units stationed in Iceland, Jan Mayen, Svalbard and South Georgia. Soldiers deserted or were captured. 3 – 1: Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf. At the end of the Cold War, the Norwegian Army was structured to be able to grow from a peacetime force of 20,000 personnel to a fully mobilised strength of 160,000 troops in thirteen brigades and dozens of independent units. It was recently returned to Norway. The greatest accomplishment of WW2 by Norwegian forces was the victory in the battle of Narvik, especially the mountain war forcing the German forces all the way from the ocean to the Swedish border. I got the impression that they were very happy with the vehicle and [they were] proud to operate it. In total, 41 rounds of 90 mm ammunition were carried. They also requested a mobile reaction force, so that allies in the region could assist each other if they came under heavy attack. This Expansion for Cold War Rearmed² adds Infantry of the Royal Norwegian Army, their weapons and some vehicles.See the documentation for a list of changes.DocumentationClass NamesDo the.shadock.free.fr (Surviving Pz IIIs). The Army participated in wars during the 17th, 18th and 19th century as well, both in Norway and abroad. I remember the mechanics requesting if they could tow the broken NM-116 to the nearest military garage. This allowed the vehicle to tow vehicles behind it. 40 itself saw no further action and was disbanded on June 10th, 1943. The M24 Chaffee, named after Army General Adna R. Chaffee, entered service in 1944, largely replacing the M3 and M5 Stuarts. I have added the Cold War to engadgments. This allowed Norway to build up its fleet of more modern M24 Chaffees, and save them for active duty in a combat scenario, should the need have arisen. 126 M109Gs were acquired from West Germany between 1969–1971. Not wanting to relegate their small M24 Chaffee force to guard duty, the Army activated the obsolete Panzers. After the Kalmar War broke out in 1611, the Danish king, Fredrik II in the Kingdom of Denmark tried to revive the volunteer leidang, with dire results. These two turrets could be easily mounted on the trainers in case of mobilization.”. The bases of the battalion is in Oslo and at Terningmoen camp. The NM116 was an ‘ambush predator’. A few of the vehicles were also equipped with Schürzen add-on armor on the turret and hull sides. 2nd Lieutenant Dag Rune Nilsen, Former NM-116 Commander, retired Brigade South and 12th Brigade were also mechanised, but were formed from reservists. It is mainly based on conscript troops, The Artillery Battalion provides fire support. cold war translation in English-Norwegian dictionary. The NM-130’s crew consisted of three personnel; Commander, Crane Operator and Driver. Each regimental district also forms one battalion of landvarn (of 6 companies), and the other arms would form landvarn units in the same proportion. The battalion is the Army's rapid reaction force. The crane had a relatively low lift capacity as it was not designed to lift an entire vehicle, rather just its components. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The Parliament in 1994 and 1995 approved a series of major organizational changes, for the Army in particular. A large cable-guard safety grate was also mounted at the base of the crane to protect the operator. As we always recommend use modfolders to seperate the custom content from the official game content to prevent problems. The 2nd Battalion will be developed in the light infantry role, manned mainly by conscript personnel. Coal from Britain was needed to keep the country going, and Norway had thus to agree that each shipload of coal leaving Britain be matched with incoming Norwegian cargoes such as copper ore and fish. Thomas Jentz, Hilary Doyle, Panzer Tracts No. The vehicle was also capable of supporting Norway’s fleet of US-made M113 Armored Personnel Carriers (APC) and derivative there of, such as the NM-142 (TOW) Rakettpanserjager. These were both later model Panzers, being the Ausführung N and mix of Ausführung J, L, & Ms. How most of these tanks ended up in Norway is, however, a bit of a mystery. Fgst.Nr 73651, a Panzer III Ausf. After a short but tense period of mobilization, Sweden bowed to the inevitable. It is unknown how many of the 10 StuGs remained operable, and what their origins were. At first, the company was given just one of the Hæren’s M24s to experiment with. All other NM-116 equipped units were kept in reserve for rapid mobilization or for use by reservist troops. This upgraded vehicle, now designated NM-116, entered service in 1975. With the outbreak of the Napoleonic wars, Denmark-Norway and Sweden tried to remain outside the fray; but Denmark’s King Fredrik IV’s decision to align with Napoleon meant that hostilities had to reach Norway sooner or later. It is also in our interests to hit back against such attacks. An example of such a vehicle can be found at The Museum of the American G.I. The ‘Military Aid Program’ benefited the war-ravaged countries of the Second World War by providing them the means to rebuild their military and defenses. Ds were sent from Germany. In 1945, Norway began to receive aid under the US-led ‘MAP’. When the roadwheel reacted to terrain, the idler was pushed out or pulled in accordingly, keeping constant track tension. An additional gearbox was installed to control the speed transferred to the differential housed at the front of the tank. The M24s gave the Hæren excellent service for many years, but come the late-1960s, the M24 was obsolete, and an upgrade program began. What effect these vehicles could have had on Soviet Tanks is debatable. The Chaffee’s Twin Cadillac 220hp petrol engine was replaced by a Detroit Diesel 6V-53T two-stroke diesel engine that was liquid-cooled and equipped with a turbocharger. Værnes, located roughly in central Norway, allowed transit to the North and South of the country. The M24 Chaffee, named after Army General Adna R. Chaffee Jr., entered service in 1944, largely replacing the M3 and M5 Stuarts. “during wintertime, we applied a thick white cover of chalky paint over the light green and brown areas of the camouflage. This led the Danish king to invite German mercenaries to coach and command the Danish-Norwegian Armed Forces: a decision echoing down the centuries in traces of Germanic vocabulary used by the Norwegian military to this day. This led to the NM-116 receiving the nickname ‘Pansernager’, literally meaning ‘Armor Nibbler’ due to the weapon’s lack of killing power. Ns, and 10 StuG III assault guns of Ausf. Since the 2000s, the military has transformed from a focus on defence from an invasion to a mobile force for international missions. F/8s came from Pz.Jg.Abt 14, and taking into account the two known Ausf. The main automotive upgrade was the replacement of the original engine with a new Detroit Diesel 6V-53T. The Panzer III’s turret and superstructure were removed from the hull and were replaced with an armored casemate. This, however, was not their intended role. The gun could be elevated from +15 to -10 degrees. In April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty was signed, and NATO was born with Norway a founding member. Four heat exchangers were also installed to cool the engine’s oil. The Panzer III had very good mobility for its time. By 1951, the entire KW-III force had been replaced by the 125 Chaffees Norway now had. The crane operator sat in an external, unarmored position on the crane unit when it was in operation. By midday on 9 April 1940, the German armed forces had occupied nearly all the airfields and seaplane bases south of Narvik, and most of Norway’s semi-modem fighters (Gloster Gladiators) had been destroyed in the defense of Oslo on the opening day of the German invasion. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. In 1988, it was loaned to Memorial de Caen, Normandy. T Armor on the vehicle was 16 to 80 mm (.62 to 3.15 in) thick. In 1953, the garrison of Bardufoss Airfield began to dig their 7.5 cm gun-armed Stridsvogns into static defensive positions connected to Fort Bjørnåsen, ‘Yellow 3’, ‘2’, and ‘1’ amongst them. The engine, transmission, driveshaft and other components housed in the hull were completely removed. The tanks served here until 1953, when the Army found a rather unique role for them to fill…. The Norwegian army found the 5 cm gun of the Strvs to be lacking in tank-killing power, so each unit was equipped with at least one StKn KW-III or a towed 7.5 cm PaK 40 anti-tank gun. Gs handed over, but their origins are unknown. The Cold War saw a large build-up of air stations and military bases, especially in Northern Norway. Norway received its first Chaffees from the US under the ‘MAP’ in 1946. Unprecedented war games, involving 5,000 Norwegian troops and 400 vehicles, have started in Norway’s northernmost province, bordering Russia. Thor took over Dag’s tank when he was promoted. Gloster Gladiator of the Norwegian Army Air Service in 1940. To do this though, the crane would have to be traversed 180 degrees. Retreating German forces left a large quantity of equipment in their wake. It wasn’t until November 2007 that the first Fort Bjørnåsen Panzers (Fgst.Nr 74352, 66158, 76219) began to be excavated, with a second two being uncovered in August 2007. The blade was operated by the driver. This may also be true for some of the 5 cm KwK 39 L/60 gun-armed tanks. As it shared a border with the USSR, it was seen as a crucial partner. Unfortunately, much like the NM-116, details of the Bergepanser’s time in service are scarce. There was also a point on the right rear of the hull for carrying a spare NM-116/130 roadwheel. The upgraded Chaffee went from being a light tank, to a tank destroyer, hence ‘Panserjager’. I served as a sergeant after completing the Norwegian cavalry academy at Trandum from 1986-1987. In April, the North Atlantic Treaty was signed, and NATO was born with Norway a founding member. Some of the remaining vehicles were turned into NM-130 Bergepanser recovery vehicles, while 4 unmodified M24s were given to the Heimevernet (Eng: Home Guard) which operated them well into the late 1970s. After the Kalmar War broke out in 1611, the Danish king tried to revive the volunteer leidang, with dire results.